How to Write Effective IELTS Conclusions

This post will help you write effective conclusions for IELTS writing task 2 essay questions. It is suitable for both General Training and Academic candidates.

IELTS Conclusions

The conclusion is the easiest paragraph to write because in many ways you are just using ideas you have already mentioned in your introduction and main body paragraphs. However, this is the last thing the examiner will read and it is therefore crucial that you finish strongly.

You will probably not have much time remaining when you are writing your conclusion so it is very important that you practice them and learn how to write them quickly. I will show you how below.

IELTS Conclusion Quick Tips

  1. Never write any new ideas in your conclusion. A conclusion should always simply restate the ideas you have in the rest of the essay. New ideas should be in the main body and not in the conclusion.
  2. Make sure you answer the question in the conclusion. The conclusion should state what you think about the question and make it clear how you feel about the issue.
  3. Vary your language. Just because you are restating the ideas you have in the rest of your essay, doesn’t mean you use the same language. Instead you show the examiner you have a wide vocabulary by paraphrasing.
  4. Don’t try to include everything. You are not required to go into detail, you have already done that in your main body paragraphs. Instead you will just summarise your main points.
  5. Always write one. It is very difficult to get a good score in task 2 if you haven’t finished your essay with a conclusion. Even if you are running out of time, make sure you write one.
  6. Two sentences are enough. 

Linking Phrases

IELTS conclusion linking phrases

First you should start with a linking phrase, but some are better than others . Here are some examples:

  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general
  • In conclusion
  • To conclude

Finally isn’t really suitable because it indicates that you are making a final point and therefore a new idea. Finally belongs in the main body of your essay, not the conclusion.

In a nutshell is too informal and we should never use it in IELTS conclusions.

In general tells the reader you are going to talk generally about a topic. This is not what we are going to do in our conclusion and we should therefore not use it.

In conclusion and to conclude are the only two linking phrases you should use to start your conclusion. They tell the reader exactly what the paragraph is about and they are formal.

How to Write a Good Conclusion

There are two elements to a good conclusion:

  1. Restating the main points of your essay
  2. Varying your vocabulary by paraphrasing

Luckily we have already stated our main points in the introduction, so all we have to do is look back at the conclusion and paraphrase this.

Let’s look at some examples:

IELTS conclusion question

Introduction

It is argued that students should be taught real life skills, like how to look after money. This essay agrees that they should be part of the curriculum. The essay will first discuss how everyday competencies benefit people later in life and then talk about the dangers of not being taught how to manage money at an early age. 

I have completed an effective introduction by doing three things:

  1. Paraphrasing the question
  2. Stating my opinion
  3. Outlining what I will talk about in the rest of the essay or in other words, the main points I’m using to support my opinion.

Conclusion

In conclusion, this essay supports the idea that teenagers ought to be taught functional subjects like financial planning because it helps them in adulthood and a lack of education related to these topics can have serious consequences. 

So all I have done is restate my opinion and included my main supporting points. However, I have not simply copied the words, I have used synonyms and paraphrasing to vary my language.

Here are the paraphrases I used:

This essay supports- This essay agrees

should- ought to

students- teenagers

functional subjects- real life skills

look after money- financial planning

later in life- adulthood

dangers- serious consequences

Let’s look at another example:

IELTS Conclusion essay

Introduction

Contemporary advances have a serious effect on the planet. While I appreciate that critics may hope that people will shun the latest developments, I believe that technology itself can give us an answer.  This essay will first discuss how not using electronics is unfeasible, followed by a discussion of how science is now coming up with ways to reverse global warming and pollution. 

This introduction does three basic things:

1. Paraphrases the question

2. States opinion

3. Outlines what the essay will discuss

Conclusion

In conclusion, this essay acknowledges that technological progress does jeopardise the planet, but cutting-edge discoveries can actually halt and even heal this destruction. 

Again, all I have done is repeat what I said in the introduction using paraphrasing.

Adding a Prediction or Recommendation to Our Conclusion 

IELTS Essay Conclusions

We can also add a prediction (what we think will happen) or a recommendation (what we think should happen) to our conclusion.

This is totally optional. I teach students how to write these because it allows them to write something at the end of the essay if they are worried about not making it to 250 words.

Here are my two previous conclusions with one added sentence:

In conclusion, this essay supports the idea that teenagers ought to be taught functional subjects like financial planning  because it helps them in adulthood and a lack of education related to these topics can have serious consequences. It is recommended that governments make this a compulsory part of the education system. 

In conclusion, this essay acknowledges that technological progress does jeopardise the planet, but cutting-edge discoveries can actually halt and even heal this destruction. It is predicted that climate change will be successfully tackled with such inventions. 

Next Steps

If you found this article useful and want more help with writing task 2 please visit our task 2 page.

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Comments:

13 Comments

  1. sony says

    Thanks sir

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